EVALUATION OF TWO PROPAGATION SYSTEMS IN GLOBE ARTICHOKE
It is believed that the use of seed-propagated cultivars would lead to an increase in yield due to the root system development, which explores and uses water and nutrients more efficiently than in vegetatively propagated materials. The objective of this study was to evaluate under seed and vegetative propagation the performance of cultivars Imperial Star (IS) and Estrella del Sur FCA (ES). In 23 April 2005, suckers and seed-born plantlets of both cultivars were transplanted in a randomized block design of three repetitions of twenty plants per plot. The following vegetative traits: Leaves number (LN), Stem height (SH), Plant height (PH) and Plant diameter (PD); and productive traits: Head number (NH), Mean weight of the heads (WH), Total yield (TY), Days to first harvest (DH) and Harvest period (HP) were evaluated and analyzed under an ANOVA and Waller-Duncan test. Among the productive traits, the differences between the propagation systems were significant for NH (F=9.36; p0.05), and TY (F=8.73; p0.05); and highly significant for DH and HP (F=15.10 and 20.35; p0.01, respectively). When comparisons are held in each cultivar, in IS under seed-propagation, harvests were 11 days earlier than in the vegetatively propagation (F=51.86; p0.01). For ES under seed multiplication, harvests were anticipated 13 days as well; but this propagation gave also 11 days elongation of the harvest period, and an increase of 83 and 45% of NH and TY respectively. For the vegetative traits, the differences between the propagation systems were significant for SH and PD (F=4.17 and 5.41; p<0.05, respectively). Plants under seed-propagation were more vigorous than under vegetative propagation; with an increased LN (26 leaves), PD (138.78 cm); SH and PH (50.12 and 70.16 cm respectively). When possible, it would be worth to change the propagation system towards seed-means; in order to achieve increased yield and precocity.
García, S.M., Cointry, E., López Anido, F., Firpo, I.T., Cravero, V.P. and Rotondo, R. (2012). EVALUATION OF TWO PROPAGATION SYSTEMS IN GLOBE ARTICHOKE. Acta Hortic. 942, 147-152
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus, seed-propagation, vegetative propagation