DIVERSITY OF NATURAL ENEMY ASSOCIATED TO APHID'S ARTICHOKE IN DIFFERENT AREAS OF PRODUCTION IN TUNISIA
The aphids population monitoring, by trapping, in different areas of artichoke production in Tunisia (Utique, Bouficha and Chott Mariem) demonstrated the existence of five species namely: Aphis fabae (Scopoli), Aphis gossypii (Theobald), Brachycaudus cardui L., Capitophorus elaeagni (Del Guercio) and Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Hemiptera: Aphididae). A wide range of aphids auxiliaries was also determined in the artichoke plots, represented principally by predators and parasitoids. Indeed, six species of aphidophagous Coccinellidae were caught in traps in the different regions: Coccinella algerica (Kovar), Coccinella undecimpunctata L., Hippodamia tredecimpunctata L., Hippodamia variegata, Psyllobora 22-punctata L. and Semiadalia undecimnotata (Schneid). In addition, six hoverflies genera (Syrphidae) were identified namely: Episyrphus, Eristalis, Metasyrphus, Platycheirus, Sphaerophoria and Syrphus. While, only one parasitoids specie was determined: Lysiphlebus fabarum (Aphidiidae).
Guesmi, J., Ben Halima , M.K. and Al Mohandes Dridi, B. (2012). DIVERSITY OF NATURAL ENEMY ASSOCIATED TO APHID'S ARTICHOKE IN DIFFERENT AREAS OF PRODUCTION IN TUNISIA . Acta Hortic. 942, 215-219
artichoke, Tunisia, aphids, auxiliaries