PERSISTENCE OF UV-C INDUCED DISEASE RESISTANCE AND DELAYED RIPENING IN TOMATO FRUIT ON SUBSEQUENT EXPOSURE TO SELECTED STORAGE STRESSES

S. Bourget, R. Corcuff , J. Arul, M.-T. Charles
The induction of disease resistance and delayed ripening by hormetic doses of UV-C in postharvest crops has been well established. However, it is not known whether UV-C induced effects are preserved when the UV-C treated produce are transiently exposed to other abiotic stresses during storage. It was hypothesized that exposure of UV-C treated tissue to storage and handling stresses such as heat, cold, water stress, wounding and atmosphere (low O2 and high CO2) can modify UV-C induced effects. Mature green tomato fruit were treated with a hormetic UV-C dose of 3.7 kJ m-2 and stored at 13°C and RH of about 95%. After 24 h, UV-C treated fruit were further exposed to various storage stresses then returned to regular storage at 13°C: heat (35°C, 60 h); cold (1°C, 7days); N2 atmosphere (24 h); high O2 atmosphere (24 h); high CO2 atmosphere (8 h); water stress (75% RH, 7 days); and wounding. Fruit ripening was monitored by color measurement, and disease resistance was evaluated by inoculation of the fruit with Botrytis cinerea 12 days after treatment. Subsequent exposure of UV-C treated fruit to various stresses generally did not affect UV-C induced delay in ripening except wounding stress. The enhanced delay in ripening by cold stress or increased rate of ripening by heat stress were attributable to storage temperature history. Heat, hyper O2, and water stresses did not affect UV-C induced disease resistance; whereas wounding, cold, and to a small extent hypo O2 and CO2 attenuated UV-C induced disease resistance. Results suggest UV-C is a dominant stress and that UV-C induced effects are typically preserved after UV-C generated signal path is fully transduced.
Bourget, S., Corcuff , R., Arul, J. and Charles, M.-T. (2012). PERSISTENCE OF UV-C INDUCED DISEASE RESISTANCE AND DELAYED RIPENING IN TOMATO FRUIT ON SUBSEQUENT EXPOSURE TO SELECTED STORAGE STRESSES. Acta Hortic. 945, 125-128
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.945.15
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.945.15
Lycopersicon esculentum, Ultraviolet-C, heat stress, cold stress, high CO2 atmosphere, hyper-O2 atmosphere, hypo-O2 atmosphere, wounding
English
945_15
125-128

Acta Horticulturae