ENDOGENOUS AND EXOGENOUS ETHYLENE MODULATES THE RESPONSE OF 'BARTLETT' PEARS TO 1-METHYLCYCLOPROPENE
The capacity of the ethylene binding inhibitor, 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP; SmartFresh technology) to delay ripening of European pears reportedly decreases with advancing fruit maturity. In the present study, the influence of endogenous and exogenous ethylene on the efficacy of 1-MCP to delay Bartlett pear fruit ripening was determined. Physiologically mature-green fruit were harvested at an early-, mid-, and late-season maturity. They were treated with 0 or 600 nl L-1 1-MCP alone or in combination with 12, 30, 60 or 600 nl L-1 ethylene for 24 hours at 0°C. The fruit were then exposed to 100 µl L-1 ethylene for 24 hours at 20°C or stored at 1°C for 5 weeks. Treatment of early-season fruit with 600 nl L-1 1-MCP for 24 hours at 0°C delayed ethylene-mediated ripening by 9 days at 20°C. Mid- and late-season fruit were less responsive to this treatment and shelf life was only extended by 3 days. The reduction in treatment efficacy was associated with increased ethylene production and accumulation in treatment chambers by mid- and late-season fruit. Similarly, including exogenous ethylene in the treatment atmosphere modulated 1-MCP efficacy. For early-season fruit, the benefits of 1-MCP were maintained even when 12 and 30 nl L-1 ethylene was initially added to chambers. Inclusion of 60 nl L-1 ethylene in chambers; however, reduced 1-MCP efficacy. For mid- and late-season fruit, the addition of 12, 30 and 60 nl L-1 ethylene did not reduce 1-MCP effects although the delay in ripening was modest even without added ethylene. 1-MCP benefits were completely negated when 600 nl L-1 ethylene was included in the treatment atmosphere for all fruit maturity stages. 1-MCP responses were also slightly diminished after storage at 1°C for 5 weeks following treatment compared to the response at harvest. These findings highlight the competitive nature of 1-MCP and ethylene for fruit binding sites, and underscore the importance of monitoring ethylene concentrations in treatment atmospheres.
Macnish , A.J., Mitcham, E.J. and Holcroft, D.M. (2012). ENDOGENOUS AND EXOGENOUS ETHYLENE MODULATES THE RESPONSE OF 'BARTLETT' PEARS TO 1-METHYLCYCLOPROPENE. Acta Hortic. 945, 309-316
ethylene, 1-methylcyclopropene, pears, postharvest, Pyrus communis, ripening