AQUAPONICS: A NUTRIENT AND WATER EFFICIENT PRODUCTION SYSTEM
Aquaponics is the land-based production of fish in tanks combined with the recirculation of the water from the fish tanks through hydroponic systems to produce high value horticultural crops. The waste products from the fish are converted by a bio-filter into soluble nutrients, which are absorbed by the plants, and allow clean water to be returned back to the fish. Thus, it produces valuable fish protein with a minimal pollution of fresh water resources, while at the same time producing horticultural (usually vegetable) crops. The production of fertilizers is becoming increasingly expensive due to high prices on fossil fuels, and this may have long term implications for nutrient use in agriculture in the future. Aquaponics uses waste products derived from animals and plants which are fed to the fish, and thus converted into valuable animal protein and fresh vegetables. With the worlds fresh water resources limited, aquaponics would appear to have considerable potential for arid and similar climates. Disease and pest problems are minimized because of the development of an ecological balance. Productivity is commonly as good (or better) than with conventional hydroponic systems.
Nichols, M.A. and Savidov, N.A. (2012). AQUAPONICS: A NUTRIENT AND WATER EFFICIENT PRODUCTION SYSTEM. Acta Hortic. 947, 129-132
fish, hydroponics, environmentally friendly, ecologically balanced