AGRONOMIC EVALUATION OF OLIVE CULTIVARS IN MADRID COMMUNITY
The area of olive trees cultivated in the Comunidad de Madrid, is about 25715 ha, the most frequent cultivar is Cornicabra, followed by Manzanilla. The first one is dedicated to obtain olive oil and the second one has a dual purpose, oil and table olive. The main objective of the research Project Developed by the Olive Growing Center of the Instituto Madrileño de Investigación y Desarrollo Rural, Agrario y Alimentario, placed in Colmenar de Oreja, about olive cultivars in the Comunidad de Madrid, is to find cultivars economically viable in the central region of Spain. The following ten cultivars of table olive were planted in 2005, Ascolana Tenera, Callosina, Dulzal de Carmona, Gordal Sevillana, Hojiblanca, Manzanilla Cacereña, Manzanilla de Sevilla, Meski, Morona, Uovo piccione. Also other ten cultivars of oil olive were planted, Arbequina, Cornicabra, Frantoio, Hojiblanca, Nevadillo Negro de Jaén, Picual, Picudo, Empeltre, Manzanilla Cacereña, Changlot. Cultivars were planted in a randomized complete block design with 29 blocks, with one olive tree as experimental unit, it was cultivated in dry land and irrigations conditions. Data of height and trunk section of the cultivars are compiled in a statistical study of intraspecific variability.
Arjona Bolaños, E.I., Palancar Olmo, M., Martinez Carralon, A., Pons Romero, J.R., de la Cueva Spínola , C. and Vergara García, G. (2012). AGRONOMIC EVALUATION OF OLIVE CULTIVARS IN MADRID COMMUNITY. Acta Hortic. 949, 447-452
environment, cultivar, production, quality