AN ELECTRIC FIELD SCREEN CAN CREATE PEST-FREE SPACE WITH BETTER AIR PENETRATION IN OPEN-WINDOW GREENHOUSES
In an attempt to control insect pests affecting greenhouse tomatoes, we evaluated an electric field screen to create an airy greenhouse condition that successfully excluded insect vectors (whiteflies, green peach aphids, western flower thrips, shore flies) of pathogens. The screen consisted of three parts: 1) insulated conductor wires (ICWs) arrayed in parallel at 5-mm intervals, 2) two stainless-steel nets that were grounded and placed on both sides of the ICWs, and 3) a DC voltage generator to negatively charge the ICWs. An electric field formed between the negative surface charge of the ICWs and the positive charge on the ICW-side surface of the grounded net. The ICWs captured insects that entered the field. Insects that contacted the outer surface of the screen net avoided the electric field and flew away from the screen. During continuous 3-month greenhouse operation, the screen was durable and functional in exerting stable pest exclusion and good air penetration for ventilation under changing greenhouse climate conditions. Thus, our electric field screen provided an airy condition for tomatoes in an open-window greenhouse that successfully excluded flying insect pests.
Kakutani, K., Matsuda, Y., Nonomura, T., Toyoda, H., Kimbara, J. and Kusakari, S. (2012). AN ELECTRIC FIELD SCREEN CAN CREATE PEST-FREE SPACE WITH BETTER AIR PENETRATION IN OPEN-WINDOW GREENHOUSES. Acta Hortic. 952, 559-566
physical control, hydroponic tomato, whitefly, green peach aphid, western flower thrips, shore fly