GENETIC TRANSFORMATION OF FRAGARIA WITH CANDIDATE GENES INVOLVED IN DROUGHT STRESS
Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Fragaria was performed in F. vesca, F. chiloensis and F. × ananassa Ventana and EL02.2011 to allow a functional analysis of CAT (catalase), P5CS (Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase) and FasAIV (sucrose acid invertase) genes under drought stress. These genes were targeted independently for the silencing by RNAi and over-expression in Fragaria. In vitro-grown plantlets of F. vesca, F. chiloensis and F. × ananassa EL02.2011 and in vivo-grown plants of F. × ananassa Ventana were transformed with three different RNAi constructs coding for a hairpin RNA containing inverted repeat of F. vesca sequences for these three genes. They were also transformed with one construct coding for over-expression of FaAIV whole coding sequence from F. × ananassa. Transformation for all constructs was confirmed by visible GFP expression from the same T-DNA. There was no callusing and regeneration of F. chiloensis. Callus formation was obtained in F. × ananassa Ventana but shoot proliferation was weak. F. vesca presented reasonable callusing, shoot regeneration and transformation using kanamycin (25 mg/L) selection. F. × ananassa EL02.2011 showed high regeneration and transformation efficiency with stable GFP expression in shoots. The occurrence of transgenic plants was confirmed by PCR analysis of genomic DNA in F. vesca and F. × ananassa EL02.2011. Consistent with previous observations, here direct comparison of wild species and cultivars shows that the transformation efficiency in Fragaria can be affected by the type genotype, gene, construct and explant as well as the concentration of A. tumefaciens suspension culture.
Razavi, F., Folta, K., Zamariola, L., Geelen, D., De Keiser, E., De Riek, J. and Van Labeke, M.C. (2012). GENETIC TRANSFORMATION OF FRAGARIA WITH CANDIDATE GENES INVOLVED IN DROUGHT STRESS . Acta Hortic. 961, 397-404
Fragaria sp., strawberry, Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, regeneration efficiency, water deficit