EVALUATION OF WALNUT CONTAMINATION TO ASPERGILLUS FLAVUS AND AFLATOXIN COLLECTED FROM SEMNAN PROVINCES (IRAN)
One of the major problems in Iranian nuts exporting is contamination of nut to Aspergillus sp. fungi and aflatoxin. In order to evaluate contamination of walnut to Aspergillus flavus fungi and aflatoxin in Semnan province, sampling of walnut was done in 10 points of Semnan province. For investigation of Aspergillus flavus fungus presence in samples, they were cultured in (AFPA) media and the HPLC method was used to assess aflatoxin contamination rate in samples. Converting the data and statistical analysis using Duncans multi test demonstrated that the mean number of colonies of Aspergillus flavus in the different samples differed. From 10 samples, two samples (G5 and G7) had most contamination to Aspergillus flavus fungi. G7 and G5 had 10.3×103 and 8.6×103 average numbers of fungal colonies respectively. The G9 sample was contaminated with Aspergillus flavus fungi. (5.3×103 average numbers of fungal colonies) which was less than G5 and G7. The other samples did not show any contamination. As conclusion we found that walnut in Semnan province can be contaminated by Aspergillus flavus fungi at least in 30% of probability, however, results about aflatoxin production showed that none of the samples produced aflatoxin.
Ghaforollahi, M., Afshari, H., Abbaspour, H. and Mohammadi Moghadam, M. (2012). EVALUATION OF WALNUT CONTAMINATION TO ASPERGILLUS FLAVUS AND AFLATOXIN COLLECTED FROM SEMNAN PROVINCES (IRAN). Acta Hortic. 963, 217-219
walnut, AFPA, Juglans regia, contamination, mycotoxin