FRUIT GERMPLASM RESOURCES AND DEMANDS FOR SMALL SCALE FARMERS POST-TSUNAMI AND CONFLICTS IN NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM PROVINCE, INDONESIA
Civil conflicts and the December 2004 tsunami have impeded the development of local fruit germplasm despite the inherent high quality and potential of Acehs fruit germplasm. Most of Aceh communities are composed of small scale farmers with land ownership averaging from 0.25 to 4 ha per capita; they plant various trees species (fruits, rubber, cocoa, etc.) in a mixed-tree based system (agroforestry) with extensive management. In Aceh village markets most fruit is produced by local farmers. Increased prices for fruits in the Aceh region has urged the farmers to enhance their fruit production by planting more fruit trees. Farmers prefer to plant tree species that have good market prices and are easy to domesticate, such as durian, rambutan, mango and duku. However, currently farmers have limited access to good quality fruit seedlings. Farmers with financial resources buy seedlings from Medan while most cash-limited farmers produce seedlings themselves. Farmers need good quality fruit germplasm resources if they are going to produce high-quality seedlings. As part of the post-tsunami and conflict rehabilitation activities in Aceh region, we inventoried fruit germplasm resources (both indigenous and introduced cultivars) and demands in Aceh as a source for livelihood and to ensure food security (nutritional standpoint) particularly of the local community. The work was completed through discussion with local stakeholders (farmers, governments, universities) and by direct observation. In this paper, we list the fruit germplasm resources location and condition in Aceh and how small scale farmers could access and use it to improve their fruit production.
Martini, E., Roshetko, J.M., Purnomosidhi, P., Tarigan, J., Idris, N. and Zulfadhli, T. (2013). FRUIT GERMPLASM RESOURCES AND DEMANDS FOR SMALL SCALE FARMERS POST-TSUNAMI AND CONFLICTS IN NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM PROVINCE, INDONESIA. Acta Hortic. 975, 657-664
budwood garden, mixed-tree based garden rehabilitation, quality seedling, technology transfer