FRUIT TREE BREEDING IN POLAND
Breeding programmes in Poland are mainly for apple, our most important fruit crop, but also for pear, plum, sweet cherry, sour cherry, peach, apricot, walnut and hazelnut. Programmes are managed by the following national, governmental institutes and universities: Research Institute of Pomology and Floriculture in Skierniewice, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Poznan University of Life Sciences, and also by private breeders. The most important breeding targets for apple are: long storage and resistance to scab, powdery mildew and fire blight. Mutation breeding has been conducted for apple, pear, sweet and sour cherry, and apple and sweet cherry rootstocks using gamma rays, fast neutrons and chemical mutagens since 1970. DNA-informed breeding was initiated for resistance to fire blight in pear in 2003 and in 2007, molecular investigations focused on creation of hypoallergenic apple cultivars.
Przybyla, A.A. (2013). FRUIT TREE BREEDING IN POLAND. Acta Hortic. 976, 33-39
pome fruits, stone fruits, nuts, centres of fruit tree breeding, breeding goals