NEW PEAR CULTIVARS FROM THE CZECH REPUBLIC
The aim of this work was to evaluate important fruit and vegetative characters of new pear cultivars. The cultivars were evaluated in the pear germplasm collection in full bearing in the years 2004-2010. The germplasm collection comprising three trees of each cultivar on pear seedling rootstocks was planted at an altitude of 320 m at a spacing of 5×3.5 m. Vegetative characters evaluated include: flower set, beginning of flowering, fruit set, harvest maturity, graft compatibility with quince and growth intensity. Fruit characters evaluated included fruit weight, distribution of cover colour, taste, susceptibility to bruising and shelf-life. All evaluated summer cultivars ripened during August. Due to their earliness, the summer cultivars Isolda and Radana are suitable especially for warmer suburban areas. Autumn cultivars reached harvest maturity from mid September. Fruits of the cultivars Morava, Manon and Elektra weighed over 200 g. In the group of autumn cultivars, Morava ranked the highest in taste. A very good tasting flesh was noted in the case of winter cultivars Vonka and Dicolor. Erika was superior for cold storage ability until the end of April.
Paprstein, F., Matejicek, A. and Sedlak, J. (2013). NEW PEAR CULTIVARS FROM THE CZECH REPUBLIC. Acta Hortic. 976, 147-151
Pyrus, cultivars, characters, evaluation, fruit