CULTIVAR TRIALS OF INDIGENOUS VEGETABLES IN INDONESIA AND COMMUNITY-BASED SEED CONSERVATION AND MULTIPLICATION IN THE PHILIPPINES
Based on previous project activities implemented by AVRDC The World Vegetable Center in Indonesia, promising lines of four indigenous vegetables, namely vegetable soybean, amaranth, roselle, and Malabar spinach, were chosen for distribution to resource-poor farmers to improve their income and combat malnutrition. All crop seeds cultivated and commercialized in Indonesia must undergo a formal variety release process regulated by the government to assure high seed quality. For this purpose, initial multilocation tests were conducted in 2010 in the highland ecosystems of Lembang (1100 m a.s.l.), Cipanas (1200 m a.s.l.) and Garut (1350 m a.s.l.) in West Java. Morphological, agronomic and nutritional data collected during the 2010 trials are reported. In the Philippines, a community-based informal seed system for indigenous vegetables was initiated in 2009 in the Bicol region at Hanawan, Ocampo, Camarines Sur and expanded in 2010. The project focuses on seed conservation and multiplication to ensure the availability of good quality seed of promising lines for home gardens and commercial production. Harvested seed is distributed to qualified farmer-partners and other clients such as non-governmental organizations, local government units, and farmers organizations. This approach enhances the adoption of nutrient-dense indigenous vegetables and generates additional farm income. Given the high farmer acceptance, the continuation and expansion of the project to the entire Bicol region has been proposed under the Regional High Value Commercial Crops (HVCC) Program of the Department of Agriculture to ensure the availability of high quality indigenous vegetable seed for backyard and commercial production.
Ebert, A.W., Hidayat, I.M. and de los Santos, E.B. (2013). CULTIVAR TRIALS OF INDIGENOUS VEGETABLES IN INDONESIA AND COMMUNITY-BASED SEED CONSERVATION AND MULTIPLICATION IN THE PHILIPPINES. Acta Hortic. 979, 341-348
malnutrition, crop and diet diversification, agricultural biodiversity