A PROGRESS REPORT ON COMMERCIALIZATION IN THE USA OF PURPLE-FRUITED PITANGA (EUGENIA UNIFLORA L.), AN UNDERUTILIZED FRUIT CROP
Fewer than 100 plant species yield almost all of the commercial food products available worldwide. Why have so many other crops remained underutilized? Examination of the ongoing commercialization project of purple-fruited pitanga (Eugenia uniflora) in the USA yields some explanations that may aid others in developing new crops in the future. Pitanga is not an entirely new crop. Although it has been spread throughout the tropics by various means, it has seen only limited commercialization of the fruits and foliage in its native Brazil. Factors that may have limited further development of pitanga include considerable variation among seedlings and their fruits, difficulty in clonal propagation, lack of recognizably superior cultivars, limited production information, lack of pest and disease control recommendations, difficulty in determining when to harvest the fruits or foliage, lack of post-harvest handling information, lack of nutritional content information, lack of marketing, limited development of commercial uses for the fruits and foliage and lack of research funding. Our field research projects in progress on the island of Hawaii and in Florida attempt to address these factors as the development and commercialization of the crop moves forward.
Griffis, Jr., J.L., Sams, C.E., Manners, M.M., McDonald, T.G. and Radovich, T.J. (2013). A PROGRESS REPORT ON COMMERCIALIZATION IN THE USA OF PURPLE-FRUITED PITANGA (EUGENIA UNIFLORA L.), AN UNDERUTILIZED FRUIT CROP . Acta Hortic. 979, 807-814
Myrtaceae, Surinam cherry, Pitangueira, Brazilian cherry, Nangapiri