THE SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY OF SOIL IN ORCHARDS AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
The main study objectives are: to establish the best methods for maintaining soil of apple orchards; to determine the best way to combat weeds and determining the effects of experimental factors on growth and fructification (increase in thickness of the trunk, the length of annual increases, record production and fruit average weight). For determination of the best methods for maintaining soil of apple orchards and biological control of weeds, we have organized experimental variation on the varieties Generos and Florina, grafted on rootstock MM 106: V1 - heath black; V2 - the lying follow range, the soil work hand row of trees; V3 - the lying follow on every row of trees and herbicides;V4 - the lying follow range and soil mulch row of trees, mowing grass with material derived from the interval between rows of trees; V5 - the lying follow range and cover with foil polyethylene row of trees. From the 4th perspec-tive version, which maintain a high humidity and temperature in the roots with minimal oscillations, knows that the growth of weeds stops beside the row of trees, without interference with herbicides, and also help increase organic matter in soil after the decomposition of plant material. This is the experimental version for organic weeds control that grows on trees or among the crown projection.
Teodorescu, G., Cosac, A.C., Frasin, L.B. and Morarita, S. (2013). THE SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY OF SOIL IN ORCHARDS AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION. Acta Hortic. 981, 367-372
apple orchards, weeds, sustainable technology