EFFECT OF DIFFERENT PISTACHIO ROOTSTOCKS ON BUDDING METHODS SUCCESS AND GROWTH OF SCIONS

B.E. Ak, M. Kandemir, E. Sakar
This research was conducted at the Campus of Harran University in 2003-2004. Pistacia vera, Pistacia khinjuk, Pistacia atlantica, Pistacia palaestina and Pistacia terebinthus species were used as rootstocks to bud ‘Siirt’, ‘Kirmizi’ and ‘Ohadi’ pistachio varieties with T-budding method. T budding was used in June. Chip budding was used onto Pistacia vera rootstock. Chip budding was done in April, June and September (spring, summer and autumn period). T-budding was done at early morning and late of the days. Average bud take rate 78% in Pistacia vera, 68% Pistacia atlantica, 64% Pistacia palaestina, 63% Pistacia khinjuk and 54% Pistacia terebinthus species. The success of varieties was changed 79%, 63% and 61% for ‘Siirt’, ‘Ohadi’ and ‘Kirmizi’ cultivars respectively. The highest T-budding success rate (95%) was obtained from ‘P. vera × Siirt’ rootstocks scion combination. This was followed by ‘P. atlantica × Siirt’ with 80%. The lowest bud take rate was obtained from ‘P. khinjuk × Ohadi’ combination with 40%. On the other hand, the previous work in 2003, the bud sticks were kept in the refrigerator for 3 days and then used. The first day budding success was 80%, second day’s was 68% and third day’s was 30%. Chip budding was generally not successful. In this experiment, T- budding was successful. The best scion development was obtained from P. vera and P. khinjuk. The use of daily harvested bud sticks were observed as important factor about successfulness.
Ak, B.E., Kandemir, M. and Sakar, E. (2013). EFFECT OF DIFFERENT PISTACHIO ROOTSTOCKS ON BUDDING METHODS SUCCESS AND GROWTH OF SCIONS. Acta Hortic. 981, 413-418
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2013.981.65
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2013.981.65
pistachio, T-budding, chip budding, budding success
English

Acta Horticulturae