ASSESSMENT OF FRUIT QUALITY AND ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY OF SOME VACCINIUM BERRIES
This study characterizes the fruit quality attributes and illustrates the differ-ences in biometrical characteristics, taste- and health-related compounds present in wild bilberry (V. myrtillus) and two commercial blueberry cultivars of V. corymbosum (Berkeley and Bluecrop). Fully ripened berries were evaluated for their biometrical characteristics (fruit weight, size, and index of fruit shape), taste compounds (sugars, sweetness index and total acids), and health-beneficial properties (total phenolic content and total antioxidant capacity). V. myrtillus exhibited significantly lower values of fruit weight and size in comparison to blueberry cultivars (0.47 g, 8.6 mm and 9.2 mm, respectively). Cultivar Berkeley yielded the highest glucose and fructose contents (70.8 and 88.8 mg/g FW, respectively), and the sweetness index expressed similar trend achieving the highest value for this cultivar (279.2). Conversely, V. myrtillus contained abundant quantities of total organic acids as an important attribute of nutritional fruit quality (0.35 mg/g FW). Vaccinium species differ greatly in their total phenolic content and a very high value of total phenolics obtained in V. myrtillus (3.87 mg GAE/g FW) was 2-fold greater than those of cultivated blueberries. Total antioxidant capacity showed the greatest level for V. myrtillus (6.16 mg asc/g FW), probably reflecting similar expressed total phenolic content. Correlation coefficients between total phenolics and total antioxidant capacity ranged from r=0.89 (Bluecrop) to r=0.95 (V. myrtillus and Berkeley).
Milivojević, J., Radivojević, D., Nikolić, M., Bogdanović Pristov, J. and Maksimović, V. (2013). ASSESSMENT OF FRUIT QUALITY AND ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY OF SOME VACCINIUM BERRIES. Acta Hortic. 981, 553-557
bilberry, highbush blueberry cultivars, sugars, total acids, taste, antioxidant capacity