PERSPECTIVES ON THE MANGO INDUSTRY IN MAINLAND CHINA
China is one of the 94 countries producing mango in the world. Cultivation of mango in China dates back to 1000 years ago. However, large commercial production of mango did not begin until the 1960s, particularly the 1980s. In mainland China, Hainan Province is the largest producer of mango, followed by Guangxi Autonomous Region, Guangdong Province, Yunnan Province, Sichuan Provinces and Fujian Province. The area under mango trees in mainland China is estimated about 120,000 ha in 2008 with the total production of 800,000 MT. Some 260 MT of the mango output in 2008 was exported while over 20,000 MT imported. Therefore China is rather a big mango consuming country than a producing country. Chinas import of mango is chiefly in the form of fresh mango fruit mainly from the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Myanmar, Australia, India, Peru and Pakistan. Although China possesses endemic wild mango species, most of the mango cultivars are exotic origin, including Carabao, Nang Klangwan, Dashehari, Okrong, Irwin, Haden, etc. National and regional research institutions and universities in mainland China have made great efforts in selection and breeding programme and cultural practices for high quality and higher return mango production by challenging various unfavorable environmental constraints and pests and diseases.
Chen, Q.B. (2013). PERSPECTIVES ON THE MANGO INDUSTRY IN MAINLAND CHINA. Acta Hortic. 992, 25-36
Mangifera indica Linn., production, import, export, development plan, R&D