RE-THINKING MANGO DISEASE MANAGEMENT IN AUSTRALIA; THE RATIONALE AND APPROACH
The shelf life of mangoes is limited by two main postharvest diseases when not consistently managed. These are anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides) and stem end rots (SER) (Fusicoccum parvum). The management of these diseases has often relied mainly on the use of fungicides either as field spray treatments or as postharvest dips. These have done a fairly good job at serving the industry and allowing fruits to be transported, stored and sold at markets distant from the areas of production. There are however concerns on the continuous use of these fungicides as the main or only tool for the management of these diseases. This has necessitated a re-think of how these diseases could be sustainably managed into the future using a systems approach that focuses on integrated crop management. It is a holistic approach that considers all the crop protection management strategies including the genetics of the plant and its ability to naturally defend itself from infection with plant activators and growth regulators. It also considers other cultural or agronomic management tools such as the use of crop nutrition, timely application of irrigation water and the pruning of trees on a regular basis as a means of reducing inoculum levels in the orchards. The ultimate aim of this approach is to increase yields and obtain long term sustainable production. It is guided by the sustainable crop production principle which states that producers should apply as little inputs as possible but as much as needed.
Akem, C.N., MacManus, G., Lakhesar, D., Boccalatte, P. and Stockdale, K. (2013). RE-THINKING MANGO DISEASE MANAGEMENT IN AUSTRALIA; THE RATIONALE AND APPROACH. Acta Hortic. 992, 355-367
anthracnose, fungicides, genetic resistance, inoculum reduction, plant activators, postharvest diseases, stem end rots