ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY OF SCOZZOLATURA IN TRADITIONAL AND IMPROVED ORCHARDS OF CACTUS PEAR IN SANTIAGO DEL ESTERO, ARGENTINA
The Republic of Argentina has 1650 ha of cactus pear for production of fruit, of which 604 are located in the province of Santiago del Estero. The cultivar Yellow Spineless is the most widely grown, both in traditional orchards of small size with little or no management (TO) and in high technologies orchards (HTO). One of the problems raised in both is the concentration of the harvest. The implementation of the scozzolatura would yield fruit out of season and with a higher price. The objective was to study the economic feasibility of making scozzolatura in TO and HTO. Orchards in full production were used. Costs were stabilized and yields of 10,000 and 22,000 kg ha-1 were estimated respectively. The basic analyses of the operations were performed according to the available literature and research of FAyA-UNSE. The autumn fruit production was 5% according to that of the season. In the TO costs were higher than income, so the benefits were negative, even though the application scozzolatura increased incomes. In HTO, scozzolatura did not maximize the revenue despite tripling the price of fruit. In HTO small areas (1 ha) this technique allows an extra income to the production of the season, which would justify its application. With respect to this technique TO sacrifices total production season, but would facilitate the commercialization of total fruit with a high gross income. Further study is needed in this cultivar and others in the province in order to recommend this technique.
Targa, M.G., Leguizamón, G., Coronel de Renolfi , M. and Ochoa, M.J. (2013). ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY OF SCOZZOLATURA IN TRADITIONAL AND IMPROVED ORCHARDS OF CACTUS PEAR IN SANTIAGO DEL ESTERO, ARGENTINA. Acta Hortic. 995, 189-200
factibilidad económica, scozzolatura, producciones, Santiago del Estero