CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF THE ESSENTIAL OIL OF AERIAL PARTS OF SATUREJA THYMBRA L. GROWING WILD IN LEBANON
Satureja thymbra L. is a well known aromatic plant; endemic of the Mediterranean region and characterized by an oregano-like smell. It is frequently used as a spice and herbal tea in the Lebanese traditional medicine. Air dried aerial parts from S. thymbra were collected in Lebanon at random during April 2009. For 3 h the plant material was submitted to steam distillation using a clevenger-type apparatus to produce the essential oil with a yield of 0.84% (w/w). Oil was dried using anhydrous magnesium sulfate and stored at 4°C. S. thymbra oil was analyzed by GC/MS. Nineteen compounds representing 98.8% of the oil sample were identified. The major components of Satureja thymbra L. oil were γ-terpinene (34.06%), carvacrol (23.07%) and thymol (18.82%). Also abundant were ρ-cymene (7.58%), caryophyllene (3.96%), α-terpinene (3.53%) and myrcene (1.70%). The results of our study were compared to reports on the same or different species from other origins.
El Beyrouthy, M., Arnold-Apostolides, N., Cazier, F., Najm, S., Abou Jaoudeh, C., Labaki, M., Dhifi, W. and Abou Kais, A. (2013). CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF THE ESSENTIAL OIL OF AERIAL PARTS OF SATUREJA THYMBRA L. GROWING WILD IN LEBANON. Acta Hortic. 997, 59-66
Lamiaceae, γ-terpinene, carvacrol, thymol, ρ-cymene, α-terpinene, caryophyllene, myrcene