About Brassica

The Working Group Brassica is one of the Working Groups in Division Vegetables, Roots and Tubers. Many members of this Working Group conduct scientific research and industrial applications focused on Brassica breeding, cultivation, processing, marketing, and relevant topics.

The Brassicaceae (Cruciferae family) is a large plant family with approximately 338 genera and 3,709 species and it includes many important crop plants (Brassica rapa, Brassica oleracea, Brassica napus, and many more). The genus Brassica, belonging to the Brassicaceae family, is considered as an important group in which various crop types are grown, such as leafy vegetables, oilseed, mustard condiments and fodder. More species belonging to the Brassica genus than any other genus are playing a key role as crops in global agriculture and horticulture. Since Brassica crops have high value as sources of oil, nutrition and pharmaceutical efficacy, they recently became some of the more economically important crops among cultivated crops. In the last two decades, significant improvements have been achieved through scientific research and development on genomics, breeding, cultivation, processing, and marketing. Among the Brassica species, important three diploids and three amphidiploids species are classified by their interrelation, which are B. rapa (2n=20, AA), B. nigra (2n=16, BB), B. oleracea (2n=18, CC), B. juncea (2n=36, AABB), B. napus (2n=38, AACC) and B. carinata (2n=34, BBCC). Due to the large genetic variability, genetic analysis and breeding could make successful improvements of many important traits. The genome sequencing and annotation of protein coding genes for Brassica species (e.g. B. rapa, B. oleracea, B. carinata, B. napus, B. juncea) created the opportunity to study the comparative genomics, genetic variations, and genome wide associations of many important traits. The nutritional components in these species are abundant and these compounds add high nutritional value to human diets. So the enrichment of these nutritional supplements through various approaches including molecular breeding, gene editing, cultivation system and postharvest technologies is one of the important areas of interest for members of the Working Group Brassica.

An International Symposium on Brassicas is conducted every four years, providing opportunities to exchange scientific achievements and also discuss a diverse range of research areas such as seed biology, physiology, genomics, breeding, entomology, plant pathology, plant nutrition, mechanization, postharvest physiology and processing of Brassica vegetable crops. These symposia give the chance for delegates to discuss and share knowledge among the Working Group members, which includes those from academia, government, industry, farming, and NGOs.

To join this Working Group sign in to your ISHS user account, navigate to "Workgroups and mailing lists" and tick the box "Member" next to "Workgroup Brassica" before confirming the update with the button in the bottom of the page.

Prof. Dr. Yong Pyo Lim
Department of Horticulture
Chungnam National University
99 Daehak-Ro, Youseoung-Ku
34134 Daejeon
Korea (Republic of)