Pomological, quality and organoleptic traits of some autochthonous apple cultivars in Prespa region, North Macedonia
Nikola Saraginovski is pursuing a PhD degree at Saints Cyril and Methodius University, while working as a Teaching Assistant at the Department of Fruit Growing at the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Food, in Skopje, North Macedonia. He participated in the IV Balkan Symposium on Fruit Growing in Istanbul, Turkey, with the research entitled: “Pomological, quality and organoleptic traits of some autochthonous apple cultivars in Prespa Region, North Macedonia”. In the most important apple (Malus × domestica) growing region in the country, Prespa, apples have been grown for centuries. Throughout that long period of time, different cultivars have been dominantly grown. At the first half of the twentieth century, a large number of newly created, more productive, international cultivars were introduced, replacing the heritage types. With the biodiversity preservation at risk, preserving older cultivars from extinction is critical to maintain genetic diversity. Many heritage apple cultivars were abandoned by growers prior to the introduction of modern production technologies. The objective of this study was to assess the potential of reutilization of heritage cultivars and measuring their response to modern fruit production methods. The study aimed to evaluate the fruit characteristics and consumer acceptance of 13 heritage apple cultivars, grown in an orchard using typical cultural practices. In addition to conservation efforts, some cultivars deserve additional attention. ‘Ciganka’, ‘Pašinka’ and ‘Karapaša’ could be recommended for fresh consumption on a limited scale in typical rural areas with reduced chemical usage for protection of the surrounding environment. These cultivars could be good additions for the diversification of apple production in the region. These unique cultivars could satisfy the need of niche consumers who are willing to pay extra for locally grown cultivars with reduced use of agro-chemicals. ‘Kolaćara’ and ‘Crveno Pote’ had low sugar/acid ratios and are recommended for juice and cider production. ‘Ciganka’, ‘Karapaša’ and ‘Pariska Palma’ had high sugar/acid ratios and soluble solid content, and are recommended for wine and spirit production or drying. ‘Zvečarka’ and ‘Tetovka’ possess a specific and pleasing aroma and will be used as parents in specific breeding programs. The long-term conservation of each of these cultivars will enrich the future of this important fruit growing region.
Mr. Nikola Saraginovski, Faculty Agricultural Sciences & Food, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, 16-ta Makedonska Brigada No. 3, 1000 Skopje, North Macedonia, e-mail: email@example.com
The article is available in Chronica Horticulturae