Supporting family farming resilience to climate change impact sustainably: the contribution of climate-smart agriculture under North African context
Dr. Youssef Brouziyne has an agronomic engineering degree from the Hassan II Agronomic and Veterinary Medicine Institute in Morocco, and a Master of science degree in integrated crop management from the Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari, Italy. He completed his PhD in the Department of Water and Environment at the Faculty of Sciences and Technologies of Fez, Morocco. He gained international experience in sustainability management and research and development while serving world-class agri-business corporations in north-western Africa, southern Europe, and in the UK. Currently, he is a researcher and lecturer at Mohammed VI Polytechnic University in Morocco. His research focuses on the response of crops to climate change impacts and how to increase the resilience and sustainability across the agricultural value chain. His research on farming systems in Africa designs specific climate-smart agriculture (CSA) systems based on agronomic knowledge, experimentation, and modelling. His results examined the increased resilience and productivity of widely grown crops for small-holder farmers in northern Africa under a changing climate, just after implementing affordable and sustainable CSA-based approaches. This investigation involved high resolution geophysical databases, data about local agronomic knowledge, physical models, projected climate data, as well as ground experiments to identify crops parameters required for model’s calibration. Results showed that adopting a no tillage strategy, combined with a shift in the usual planting times in some situations, might increase both wheat and sunflower crop water productivity by up to +25% and +47%, in some scenarios, while preserving up to +6% of annual water yield in the study watershed. The outcomes of this project helped to advance knowledge about the input of CSA in making family farming systems resilient to climate change in northern Africa and proved that adaptation could be achieved sustainably.
Youssef Brouziyne won the ISHS Young Minds Award for the best oral presentation at the IV All Africa Horticultural Congress (AAHC2021), which was held virtually in Senegal in March 2021.
Dr. Youssef Brouziyne, International Water Research Institute, Mohammed VI Polytechnic University, Lot 660, Hay Moulay Rachid Ben Guerir, 43150, Morocco, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The article is available in Chronica Horticulturae