GENETICS AND BREEDING OF KIWIFRUIT
Kiwifruit is a recently developed crop, domesticated from wild populations and then commercialised within the last 100 years. Twenty-seven years ago in October 1987 at the First International Symposium on Kiwifruit in Padova, Italy, Ferguson et al. (1990) stated: The plant we think of as the kiwifruit is really a single genotype, Hayward, of the species Actinidia deliciosa. Since then there have been remarkable advances in breeding and genetics, and the term kiwifruit now refers to many successful cultivars. Genetic resources, both wild populations and germplasm collections, have been crucial. Breeding and selection have progressed with the adaptation of crossing and planting designs to suit dioecious perennial vines, allowing, for instance, prediction of breeding values, estimation of response to selection, and analysis of combining abilities. Understanding of kiwifruit genetics has also made great progress through translational genomics, marker discovery, mapping, high-throughput genome sequencing and candidate gene identification through functional conservation with metabolic and regulatory genes from model plants.
McNeilage, M.A. 2015. GENETICS AND BREEDING OF KIWIFRUIT. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 1096:185-190
Actinidia, cultivars, selection