THE ECONOMIC VALUE OF SOME NATIVE PLUM VARIETIES GROWN IN ROMANIA

T. BORDEIANU, D. CVASNII, I.F. RADU
Due to the particularly favourable ecologic conditions prevailing in Romania, the plum tree grows and bears fruit throughout the whole country, except for the mountain and alpine areas. However, the best conditions for this fruit tree are to be found in the South Subcarpathian zone, that is in the hills of the Caras-Severin, Gorj, Vîlcea, Arges, Dîmbovita, Prahova and Buzau districts and in some of the fruit areas of the Crisana, Satu Mare, Maramures, Bistrita-Nasaud, Suceava, Neamt, Bacau, Vrancea, Iasi and other counties.

According to the latest statistics (1), the plum tree represents 46 percent of the total number of fruit trees, and in some of the larger fruit areas in the districts of Gorj, Vîlcea, Arges, Dîmbovita, Prahova and Buzau it exceeds 75 percent of the fruit trees planted in the respective area.

From the same statistics it results that the plum production in Romania amounts to 430 000 tons per year (average over 17 years), i.e. 58,7 percent of the total fruit yield (1). There are, however, wide variations, ranging from 130 800 tons in 1951 to 738 200 tons in 1959. These data underline the importance of the plum tree in Romania.

The exceptionally favourable pedoclimatic conditions in all the fruit areas, and especially the important genetic centre of the South Subcarpathian zone, produced in the course of time a very large number of ecotypes and by natural or artificial selection there resulted down the centuries, or even the milleniums, many native plum varieties.

BORDEIANU, T., CVASNII, D. and RADU, I.F. (1968). THE ECONOMIC VALUE OF SOME NATIVE PLUM VARIETIES GROWN IN ROMANIA. Acta Hortic. 10, 43-54
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1968.10.5
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1968.10.5

Acta Horticulturae