Mango production in the world – present situation and future prospect
Mango is one of the common fruit in most continents, particularly in Asia, Central and South America and Africa. Global production of mangoes is concentrated mainly in Asia and more precisely in India which produces an average of 15 million t (MT) a year. Mangoes are now growing in more than 100 countries of which more than 65 countries produce each more than 1,000 MT a year. Total world production of mangoes is about 40 MT which played an integral part in the lives of many, not only by being a rich nutrient source but also as a source of livelihood for millions of peoples in the tropics. Mangoes were not commonly known among the consumers outside the tropics before 1960s and there was virtually no trade of fresh fruit. In recent years, mangoes have become well established as fresh fruit and processed products in the global market. World demand for mango is ascertained to be increasing particularly from temperate countries where mangoes are rapidly gaining in popularity. Leading importing country is US and in the EU it are the Netherlands, France, England, Portugal, Spain, Belgium, Denmark, and Sweden. Apart from India, other major producers of mango are China, Mexico, Thailand, Indonesia, Pakistan, Philippines, Nigeria, Brazil, Peru, Australia, South Africa, Malaysia and Venezuela. IndiaRSQUOs major marketing season is April to July while harvesting continued for 8-10 months a year in Brazil, Columbia, Kenya and Venezuela. The season is also quite long in Burkina Faso, Costa Rica, Indonesia, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Puerto Rico. There are many mango varieties grown in different countries; India alone have nearly 1,300 mango varieties (20 grown commercially) and Thailand have about 100 varieties. This paper discussed the present state of production of mango in the world and its future prospects.
Mitra, S.K. (2016). Mango production in the world – present situation and future prospect. Acta Hortic. 1111, 287-296
cultivars, harvesting season, productivity