Panicle emergence and harvest dates influence the maturity and quality of mango fruit
Variation in fruit maturity directly affects fruit quality, causing problems when mangoes are ripened in readiness for retail. In this study, the influence of panicle emergence and fruit harvest dates on fruit maturity was studied in two Pakistan commercial mango cultivars, 'Sindhri' and 'Samar Bahisht Chaunsa'. Total soluble solids (TSS) and dry matter content of the fruit that developed from early emerged panicles were significantly higher than in late emerged panicles in both cultivars. Pulp colour of fruits from early emerged panicles was deeper. TSS and dry matter content increased and pulp colour deepened in late harvested fruit. At the ripening stage, fruit harvested from early emerged panicles had deeper peel colour and less skin shriveling than fruit from late emerged panicles. Fruits developed from late emerged panicles showed a yellowish skin colour and less skin shriveling. Fruit firmness was not affected by harvesting dates. Overall, the findings from this study suggest that variations in fruit maturity and quality are related to panicle emergence time and harvesting dates. Well-planned harvesting schedules are required to provide fruits of more uniform quality for market.
Amin, M., Malik, A.U., Khan, A.S., Asad, H.U., Azeem, F., Khalid, S. and Shafique, M. (2016). Panicle emergence and harvest dates influence the maturity and quality of mango fruit. Acta Hortic. 1111, 329-334
Mangifera indica, tree height, uniform ripening, phenology, canopy