PARTHENOCARPIC MANGO DEVELOPED THROUGH HYBRIDIZATION

R.T. Gunjate, M.M. Burondkar
Parthenocarpic mango hybrid-117, perhaps the first of its kind, is a result of intensive backcrossing between hybrid variety Ratna ('Neelum' x 'Alphonso') and 'Alphonso' at the Regional Fruit Research Station, Vengurla. This comparatively dwarf hybrid with regularity of bearing has inherited most of the desirable qualities of its parent. Medium-sized fruits (215 g) with very high pulp to stone ratio (26:1) and very thin (30 mm) and small stone (6.72 g), are ovate to oblong in shape, with attractive red blush on the shoulders. Fruits are deep orange fleshed (82.3%). Fiberless, it has a spongy tissue-free, with a pleasant taste and a sugar-acid blend that is better than 'Ratna'. It is very rich in ascorbic acid (52.22 mg/100 g) and beta-carotene (11850 g/100 g). The non-viable cotyledon-free stone, which makes up only 3.1 per cent of the total fruit weight, encloses a small degenerated ovule (1.12 g) inside the very soft endocarp (5.3 g). With these striking features, Hy-117 is being released for cultivation in the Kankan region of Maharashtra under the name 'Sindhu'.
Gunjate, R.T. and Burondkar, M.M. (1993). PARTHENOCARPIC MANGO DEVELOPED THROUGH HYBRIDIZATION. Acta Hortic. 341, 107-111
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1993.341.10
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1993.341.10

Acta Horticulturae